When workers become ill or injured on the job, workers’ compensation insurance provides them with critical benefits. Benefits from workers’ compensation may include wage replacement payments, ongoing medical care, etc.

Workers comp insurance is required insurance coverage in the majority of states, sometimes even if the company only has one employee.

Read on to learn what exactly is workers’ compensation insurance and what it covers.

What Is Workers’ Comp Insurance?

When someone is wounded at work, workers’ compensation covers their lost pay and medical expenses. Workers’ compensation insurance is paid for by the employer, which means that no employee contributions are made to the fund.

If the insurance provider or employer certifies that the illness or injury was work-related, workers’ compensation is awarded. A worker’s compensation judge will resolve the issue if the insurer or employer denies the worker’s compensation claim.

Benefits from workers’ compensation are provided regardless of who is at fault. Moreover, if an employee sustains an illness or accident at work, workers’ compensation regulations often forbid them from suing their employers.

Workers’ compensation may provide restitution to a family in the event of a work-related fatality in addition to covering medical expenses and rehabilitation.

What Does Workers’ Compensation Insurance Cover?

The following are benefits covered by workers’ compensation insurance:

    • Medical costs, including hospital stays, prescription drugs, and urgent procedures;

    • Lost wages when an employee takes time off work to recover from a work-related sickness or injury;

    • Disability benefits in the event that the injury resulted in a temporary or permanent handicap;

    • Ongoing medical expenses such as physical therapy;

    • Death benefits generally include funeral fees and survivor benefits for the worker’s family.

What Is Not Covered by Workers’ Comp Insurance?

There are certain exclusions that could result in a denied workers’ compensation claim, such as:

    • Injuries from company policy violations

    • Injuries claimed after layoff or firing

    • Wages for a replacement worker

    • OSHA fines

    • Injuries that occurred during a fight with a colleague

    • Injuries sustained while commuting to and from work

    • Independent contractor injuries

    • Injuries caused by intoxication or drugs

Who Is Covered by Workers’ Compensation Coverage?

Which employees require workers’ compensation coverage depends on a number of factors, including the size of your company and individual roles. States have different requirements, but the majority call for full-time employees to have workers’ compensation coverage. Several states also have workers’ compensation legislation for temporary employees, interns, and contractors.

Federal government employees aren’t covered by state-regulated workers’ comp. Instead, they are covered by federal workers’ compensation insurance. You must be aware of the workers’ compensation regulations in your state because these exceptions don’t apply in every state.

In some states, a company must have a certain minimum number of workers before it is required to have workers’ compensation insurance. These states are Arkansas, Alabama, Georgia, Florida, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, New Mexico, Rhode Island, Wisconsin, and Virginia.

How to File a Claim for Workers’ Comp?

The employee must inform the employer of any work-related illness or injury as the first step in submitting a workers’ compensation claim. Then, the employer should contact the insurance company and, if necessary, the state workers’ compensation board. Additionally, the employer must notify the Occupational Safety and Health Administration of any serious workers’ compensation injuries.

If an employer does not think the illness or injury was brought on by work, workers’ compensation claims may be contested. In order to present their case for getting workers’ compensation payments, the employee might be required to appear before a worker’s compensation board.

Workers’ Comp Insurance: What Is It and What Does It Cover
Photo by krakenimages on Unsplash

How Much Does Workers’ Comp Cost?

Workers’ compensation premiums are determined by the jobs that each employee performs, and these jobs are classified depending on their level of risk. Construction jobs, for instance, would be regarded as high-risk occupations. Firefighters, police officers, telecommunications repair jobs, and lumberjacks are among the other high-risk professions. Workers’ compensation rates are also influenced by the business’s payroll and any prior workers’ compensation claims.

Final Thoughts

Workers’ compensation insurance has two functions: it ensures that injured employees receive medical attention and reimbursement for a portion of the income they lose while they are unable to return to work, and shields businesses from lawsuits brought by employees hurt at work.

Speak with a professional agent to make sure you have the appropriate insurance for your company, including workers’ compensation.

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